[Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment] EBOOK / KINDLE


  • Hardcover
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  • Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment
  • Francis Fukuyama
  • en
  • 09 April 2018
  • 9780374129293

Francis Fukuyama ✓ 1 FREE READ

FREE READ ´ Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment Of politicized Islam the fractious identity liberalism of college campuses and the emergence of white nationalism Populist nationalism said to be rooted in economic motivation actually springs from the demand for recognition and therefore cannot simply be satisfied by economic means The demand for identity cannot be transcended; we must begin to shape identity in a way that supports rather than undermines democracy Identity is an urgent and necessary book a sharp warning that unless we forge a universal understanding of human dignity we will doom ourselves to continuing conflic. This new book by Francis Fukuyama about the hot issue in the US and EU politics today identity He doesn t take neither left nor right side in the debate but shows that the debate itself maybe out of focusHe starts with Plato s The Republic and introduces concept of thymos third part of the soul first two are desires and reason roughly euivalent to id and ego concepts of Freud acts completely independently of the first two It is the seat of judgments of worth like a drug addict wants to be a productive employee or a loving mother Human beings crave positive judgments about their worth or dignity Those judgments can come from within but they are most often made by other people in the society around them who recognize their worth If they receive that positive judgment they feel pride and if they do not receive it they feel either anger when they think they are being undervalued or shame when they realize that they have not lived up to other people s standards This leads to two concepts isothymia all people have eual worth and megalothymia some people are better Note that the latter case doesn t mean only racist douchebags but everyone who thinks that eg it would be ok to kill Hitler or Stalin assuming some people are worse To some extent thymos is similar to virtues as described by Deirdre N McCloskey in The Bourgeois Virtues Ethics for an Age of CommerceThen the author discusses Martin Luther Jean Jacues Rousseau and Nietzsche who added to the modern concept of identity In the classical liberalism of the nineteenth century the state was held responsible for protecting basic rights such as freedom of speech and association for upholding a rule of law and for providing essential public services such as police roads and education The government recognized its citizens by granting them individual rights but the state was not seen as responsible for making each individual feel better about himself or herselfIn the second half of twentieth century the focus shifted the triumph of the therapeutic see Philip Rieff when the decline of a shared moral horizon defined by religion had left a huge void that was being filled by psychologists preaching a new religion of psychotherapy Traditional culture according to Rieff is another name for a design of motive directing the self outward toward those communal purposes in which alone the self can be realized and satisfied As such it played a therapeutic role giving purpose to individuals connecting them to others and teaching them their place in the universe But that outer culture had been denounced as an iron cage imprisoning the inner self people were told to liberate their inner selves to be authentic and committed but without being told to what they should be committed Under the therapeutic model however an individual s happiness depends on his or her self esteem and self esteem is a by product of public recognition Governments are readily able to give away public recognition in the way that they talk about and treat their citizens so modern liberal societies naturally and perhaps inevitably began to take on the responsibility for raising the self esteem of each and every one of their citizensThe disillusionment is classic left communists after the 1960s shifted the left from the industrial working class and Marxist revolution to the rights of minorities and immigrants the status of women environmentalism and the like This actually is one of the reasons that white blue collars voted for Trump or Brexit they still have problems but the left care mainly about other issues It was easier to talk about respect and dignity than to come up with potentially costly plans that would concretely reduce ineuality The left continued to be defined by its passion for euality but that agenda shifted from its earlier emphasis on the conditions of the working class to the often psychological demands of an ever widening circle of marginalized groups Many activists came to see the old working class and their trade unions as a privileged stratum with little sympathy for the plight of groups such as immigrants or racial minorities worse off than they were Recognition struggles targeted newer groups and their rights as groups rather than the economic ineuality of individuals In the process the old working class was left behindAccording to Fukuyama the right currently hi jacked the left s identity politics vocally protecting not the usual targets black women LGBT but native born workers and dominant long established cultural identities The latter can also feel threatened and it doesn t matter whether there is a real fact under this threat the identity is subjective by definitionWhat he suggests He fully agrees that there is ineuality and a greater euality of opportunity is desirable He likes the idea of Bassam Tibi s Leitkultur leading culture as the basis for a national identity which was defined in liberal Enlightenment terms as belief in euality and democratic values Bead Crochet Jewelry: An Inspired Journey Through 27 Designs kill Hitler or Stalin assuming some people are worse To some extent thymos is similar to virtues as described by Deirdre N McCloskey in The Bourgeois Virtues Ethics for an Age of CommerceThen the author discusses Martin Luther Jean Jacues Rousseau and Nietzsche who added to the modern concept of identity In the classical liberalism of the nineteenth century the state was held responsible for protecting basic rights such as freedom of speech and association for upholding a rule of law and for providing essential public services such as police roads and education The government recognized its citizens by granting them individual rights but the state was not seen as responsible for making each individual feel better about himself or herselfIn the second half of twentieth century the focus shifted the triumph of the therapeutic see Philip Rieff when the decline of a shared moral horizon defined by religion had left a huge void that was being filled by psychologists preaching a new religion of psychotherapy Traditional culture according to Rieff is another name for a design of motive directing the self outward toward those communal purposes in which alone the self can be realized and satisfied As such it played a therapeutic role giving purpose to individuals connecting them to others and teaching them their place in the universe But that outer culture had been denounced as an iron cage imprisoning the inner self people were told to liberate their inner selves to be authentic and committed but without being told to what they should be committed Under the therapeutic model however an individual s happiness depends on his or her self esteem and self esteem is a by product of public recognition Governments are readily able to give away public recognition in the way that they talk about and treat their citizens so modern liberal societies naturally and perhaps inevitably began to take on the responsibility for raising the self esteem of each and every one of their citizensThe disillusionment is classic left communists after the 1960s shifted the left from the industrial working class and Marxist revolution to the rights of minorities and immigrants the status of women environmentalism and the like This actually is one of the reasons that white blue collars voted for Trump or Brexit they still have problems but the left care mainly about other issues It was easier to talk about respect and dignity than to come up with potentially costly plans that would concretely reduce ineuality The left continued to be defined by its passion for euality but that agenda shifted from its earlier emphasis on the conditions of the working class to the often psychological demands of an ever widening circle of marginalized groups Many activists came to see the old working class and their trade unions as a privileged stratum with little sympathy for the plight of groups such as immigrants or racial minorities worse off than they were Recognition struggles targeted newer groups and their rights as groups rather than the economic ineuality of individuals In the process the old working class was left behindAccording to Fukuyama the right currently hi jacked the left s identity politics vocally protecting not the usual targets black women LGBT but native born workers and dominant long established cultural identities The latter can also feel threatened and it doesn t matter whether there is a real fact under this threat the identity is subjective by definitionWhat he suggests He fully agrees that there is ineuality and a greater euality of opportunity is desirable He likes the idea of Bassam Tibi s Leitkultur leading culture as the basis for a national identity which was defined in liberal Enlightenment terms as belief in euality and democratic values

SUMMARY ´ TRAMZ.CO ✓ Francis FukuyamaIdentity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment

FREE READ ´ Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment The New York Times bestselling author of The Origins of Political Order offers a provocative examination of modern identity politics its origins its effects and what it means for domestic and international affairs of stateIn 2014 Francis Fukuyama wrote that American institutions were in decay as the state was progressively captured by powerful interest groups Two years later his predictions were borne out by the rise to power of a series of political outsiders whose economic nationalism and authoritarian tendencies threatened to destabilize the entire international order These. 5 stars for the first half 3 stars for the solution and a big 0 for a few chapters toward the end The book begins with a brisk walk thru Western civilization as it went from village life to industrial life and from Catholicism thru Reformation and then Nietzsche So far so good The thesis is that people started measuring themselves by their inner lives as opposed to their kin and village ties as society was fragmented Then he moves through the American founding and another super speedy synthesis of the tension between being a nation that embraces diversity or one that is rigidly white and Christian I really liked Fukuyama s Political Order and Political Decay it was 2 volumes of dense history that I thought was really illuminating I think he probably shortcuts too much of that in here but he s written it all before Louis Menand has a devastating New Yorker critiue of this part so maybe read that Then in his solutions it s fine I don t agree with all of it he s a HARD assimilationist no bilingual education public service reuirements military duties for immigrants etc but generally he thinks America should embrace its identity as a nation of immigrants but also take immigration reform seriously He says nothing at all about gender or race reform within the country which is curious given the point of the book is about identity politics and how we might fix it It s also hilarious that all these identity politics naysayers lump metoo and BLM into identity politics because those have nothing at all to do with identity but are about very specific and identifiable wrongs but whateverHERE is where he is just flat out wrong and it was actually super interesting to read this part because I have long been bugged by the standard narrative of identity politics but Fukuyama helped me figure out exactly what the problem is at the core of the standard narrative THE HISTORY IS JUST WRONG The narrative of identity politics as proposed by Lilla Haidt Chua and repeated over and over by pundits is that the left took up identity politics at some point in the late 60s or maybe early 70s and they lost their coalitions of working people And now it s everywhere and it s metastasized all over the place and look what you did the right just picked up this beast you created and now we have Nazis Fukuyama tells the story of the Civil Rights movement as such MLK just wanted blacks to be treated eually to whites he wasn t demanding any sort of big change Then the black nationalists and the campus radicals ruined everything by demanding recognition of their dignity AS black people They drew attention to their specific racial grievances The black campus radicals objected to Stanford s core lit classes because they were mad it was all white men and they wanted to add blacks and women He uotes a speech by a spokesperson on this and the important inflection point for Fukuyama is that the whole argument hinges on FEELINGS Students of color will FEEL psychologically wounded by reading these things and their dignity will not be represented Haidt in his new book The Coddling of the American Mind and Lilla s older book go hard on this thread too that people were being irrational and focused on feelings and from then on everything went to hell because people couldn t be rational any And by people they mean mostly black people and women Ok let me take a breath because this part made me want to throw the book at the wall really hard which was a problem because I was listening to it as I was running so what I actually did was just channel my anger into running faster so yay for thatHere is the problem with this narrative1 MLK was not simply asking for blacks to be treated the same as whites You can either read the rest of the I Have a Dream Speech or literally any speech MLK gave before or after that one sentence that Reagan and everyone after Reagan liked to uote you know the one MLK was asking for justice and for redress He literally used the word redress He wanted America to make it right after having oppressed subjugated and enslaved the black population While Fukuyama is marching through history he never touches on this by the way uick TRIVIA How was slavery justified You guessed it by RACIAL IDENTITY Note 2 How was Jim Crow and the Klan organized Guessed it again RACIAL IDENTITY2 The black nationalists and the campus radicals may have said some uncomfortable things but their movements were also not based on FEELINGS of dignity as Fukuyama claims It is perfectly reasonable and rational to demand that other voices be included in the cannon Also perfectly reasonable to demand recognition for race based claims after centuries of exclusion based precisely on RACE3 Also and this is critical Demanding dignity was not new Black people and women have been demanding DIGNITY and RESPECT based on their IDENTITY as blacks for FOREVER It s just that before they were either killed or silenced when they did it The 60s was just the first time whites had to pay attention and apparently some of them did not like it one bit Frederick Douglass Sojourner Truth WEB Dubois on and on and on have been demanding dignity and justice Dubois writes The Soul of Black Folk he was the James Baldwin and the Ta Nahisi Coates of that era He talked a lot about white people and black people and he spoke of black people as a people whose claims of justice needed to be recognized Sorry for all the caps I am trying to highlight the words Fukuyama cares a lot about 4 It s also absurd to say that the left and minorities invented identity politics White identity politics has been conveniently deployed for generations especially in building coalitions of Southerners who had nothing else in common besides their whiteness They weren t even from the same places or classes they were white and that was it Literally crack a book about politics in the South between say 1800 to today Start with Slavery by another Name or Strange Career of Jim Crow if you prefer to read a book by white men Which brings me to my last point5 NIXON INVENTED IDENTITY POLITICS Don t believe me Read my second book Color of Money Chapter 6 The Civil Rights coalitions demands were all based on economics and ending segregation and addressing the wealth gap Actual economic policy MLK s last movement was a poor people s movement which was just class based and not at all race based In fact most of the black radicals were roaming around the world building coalitions among all sorts of races to build a class based revolution They were called communists So you might not like that but communism is hardly identity politics Nixon is the one that puts the kibosh on class based coalitions AGAIN using the white identity southern strategy just like after Reconstruction Nixon s plank on civil rights is black identity politics black power and black pride and black capitalism that s his campaign message I shit you not He forms an identity based coalition of real Americans white Americans that is still intact This is the thread that Palin and Trump pick up on but it was always there So lament identity politics all you want but get the freaking history right Microsoft Access 2016 Intermediate Quick Reference Guide - Windows Version (Cheat Sheet of Instructions, Tips & Shortcuts - Laminated Card) kin and village ties as society was fragmented Then he moves through the American founding and another super speedy synthesis of the tension between being a nation that embraces diversity or one that is rigidly white and Christian I really liked Fukuyama s Political Order and Political Decay it was 2 volumes of dense history that I thought was really illuminating I think he probably shortcuts too much of that in here but he s written it all before Louis Menand has a devastating New Yorker critiue of this part so maybe read that Then in his solutions it s fine I don t agree with all of it he s a HARD assimilationist no bilingual education public service reuirements military duties for immigrants etc but generally he thinks America should embrace its identity as a nation of immigrants but also take immigration reform seriously He says nothing at all about gender or race reform within the country which is curious given the point of the book is about identity politics and how we might fix it It s also hilarious that all these identity politics naysayers lump metoo and BLM into identity politics because those have nothing at all to do with identity but are about very specific and identifiable wrongs but whateverHERE is where he is just flat out wrong and it was actually super interesting to read this part because I have long been bugged by the standard narrative of identity politics but Fukuyama helped me figure out exactly what the problem is at the core of the standard narrative THE HISTORY IS JUST WRONG The narrative of identity politics as proposed by Lilla Haidt Chua and repeated over and over by pundits is that the left took up identity politics at some point in the late 60s or maybe early 70s and they lost their coalitions of working people And now it s everywhere and it s metastasized all over the place and look what you did the right just picked up this beast you created and now we have Nazis Fukuyama tells the story of the Civil Rights movement as such MLK just wanted blacks to be treated eually to whites he wasn t demanding any sort of big change Then the black nationalists and the campus radicals ruined everything by demanding recognition of their dignity AS black people They drew attention to their specific racial grievances The black campus radicals objected to Stanford s core lit classes because they were mad it was all white men and they wanted to add blacks and women He uotes a speech by a spokesperson on this and the important inflection point for Fukuyama is that the whole argument hinges on FEELINGS Students of color will FEEL psychologically wounded by reading these things and their dignity will not be represented Haidt in his new book The Coddling of the American Mind and Lilla s older book go hard on this thread too that people were being irrational and focused on feelings and from then on everything went to hell because people couldn t be rational any And by people they mean mostly black people and women Ok let me take a breath because this part made me want to throw the book at the wall really hard which was a problem because I was listening to it as I was running so what I actually did was just channel my anger into running faster so yay for thatHere is the problem with this narrative1 MLK was not simply asking for blacks to be treated the same as whites You can either read the rest of the I Have a Dream Speech or literally any speech MLK gave before or after that one sentence that Reagan and everyone after Reagan liked to uote you The Painted Art Journal: 24 Projects for Creating Your Visual Narrative know the one MLK was asking for justice and for redress He literally used the word redress He wanted America to make it right after having oppressed subjugated and enslaved the black population While Fukuyama is marching through history he never touches on this by the way uick TRIVIA How was slavery justified You guessed it by RACIAL IDENTITY Note 2 How was Jim Crow and the Klan organized Guessed it again RACIAL IDENTITY2 The black nationalists and the campus radicals may have said some uncomfortable things but their movements were also not based on FEELINGS of dignity as Fukuyama claims It is perfectly reasonable and rational to demand that other voices be included in the cannon Also perfectly reasonable to demand recognition for race based claims after centuries of exclusion based precisely on RACE3 Also and this is critical Demanding dignity was not new Black people and women have been demanding DIGNITY and RESPECT based on their IDENTITY as blacks for FOREVER It s just that before they were either How to Do Everything with Photoshop CS2 eBook: Colin Smith: Amazon.fr: Amazon Media EUS.à r.l. killed or silenced when they did it The 60s was just the first time whites had to pay attention and apparently some of them did not like it one bit Frederick Douglass Sojourner Truth WEB Dubois on and on and on have been demanding dignity and justice Dubois writes The Soul of Black Folk he was the James Baldwin and the Ta Nahisi Coates of that era He talked a lot about white people and black people and he spoke of black people as a people whose claims of justice needed to be recognized Sorry for all the caps I am trying to highlight the words Fukuyama cares a lot about 4 It s also absurd to say that the left and minorities invented identity politics White identity politics has been conveniently deployed for generations especially in building coalitions of Southerners who had nothing else in common besides their whiteness They weren t even from the same places or classes they were white and that was it Literally crack a book about politics in the South between say 1800 to today Start with Slavery by another Name or Strange Career of Jim Crow if you prefer to read a book by white men Which brings me to my last point5 NIXON INVENTED IDENTITY POLITICS Don t believe me Read my second book Color of Money Chapter 6 The Civil Rights coalitions demands were all based on economics and ending segregation and addressing the wealth gap Actual economic policy MLK s last movement was a poor people s movement which was just class based and not at all race based In fact most of the black radicals were roaming around the world building coalitions among all sorts of races to build a class based revolution They were called communists So you might not like that but communism is hardly identity politics Nixon is the one that puts the The Compelling Communicator: Mastering the Art and Science of Exceptional Presentation Design kibosh on class based coalitions AGAIN using the white identity southern strategy just like after Reconstruction Nixon s plank on civil rights is black identity politics black power and black pride and black capitalism that s his campaign message I shit you not He forms an identity based coalition of real Americans white Americans that is still intact This is the thread that Palin and Trump pick up on but it was always there So lament identity politics all you want but get the freaking history right

SUMMARY Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment

FREE READ ´ Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment Populist nationalists seek direct charismatic connection to the people who are usually defined in narrow identity terms that offer an irresistible call to an in group and exclude large parts of the population as a wholeDemand for recognition of one's identity is a master concept that unifies much of what is going on in world politics today The universal recognition on which liberal democracy is based has been increasingly challenged by narrower forms of recognition based on nation religion sect race ethnicity or gender which have resulted in anti immigrant populism the upsurge. Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment by Francis Fukuyama is an interesting book discussing the recent trends and growth in identity politics Fukuyama posits that this is a natural expression of liberal democracy as society continues to promote freedom and examine ways to bring concepts and concrete improvements to this in society Fukuyama looks at identity politics as one of the highest forms of expression In the past many countries existed as monarchies and aristocracies where the domain of politics free will expression and even self esteem were the domain of the ruling class The vast majority of people lived in small villages or towns where social and political hierarchy was static People worked long hours for their survival and this left little time for contemplation of self This began to change when figures like Martin Luther began to uestion the place of self in society Luther looked at Christianity and was critical of the Catholic Church for controlling how people interacted with God He posited that the domain of the spirit was within each individual and communicating with God was a deeply personal event that could not be controlled by an external hierarchy The development of Protestantism and its effect of Europe and eventually the United States has had a direct and tangible impact on how liberal democracy has emerged and is in some ways a central tenant of this political theory Liberal democracies however have not always been so focused on freedom Although the United States constitution as well as the rhetoric of its founding politicians clearly discusses the universal rights of man this definition was at the time very narrow Women renters the poor racial and sexual minorities indigenous peoples and many were excluded from this definition Instead the systems were built for white Anglo Saxon Protestant men of wealth This changed over time with the continued application of universal rights to and categories of people from women s suffragists to civil rights to sexual minorities and so on This process has yet to be completed fully and the increasingly numerous categories that people are dividing into is the topic of this book Fukuyama examines the concept of thymos which he attributes to the spirit This concept is justified in feelings of pride and respect feelings that most want to feel This concept also expands into demanding respect from others and to having respect than others or feeling superior This concept is looked at through a few lenses Fukuyama states that the first instances of this concept being challenged revolved around nationalism then religion States globally began to embrace concepts of pride superiority and respect in the creation of their states Germany and Italy amalgamated from small states that shared a common ethnicity France and Great Britain formed through the forcible absorption over time of neighbouring states with somewhat different cultures and languages Many of these nations emerged due to a groups feelings of repression or need to separate their own uniue identities from those of others Similarly this concept has been used to promote women s rights the rights of minorities within polities like the United States and Canada nations that have no real ethnic identity and within communities that share common characteristics like Muslim immigrants in Europe for example These concepts are mercurial Woman s minorities and sexual minorities rights are all important topics to be discussed and have legitimate concerns associated with them like sexual exploitation in the workplace or lacking rights that are a given to the majority group However this need for recognition and respect can also be destructive Nationalists racists the Islamic State and so on all utilize this rhetoricFukuyama looks at how identity politics has been damaging in some respects On the Left of the political spectrum tradition has it that these parties often promote the interest of the working class looking at class above other considerations However this has changed Much activism is being generated in terms of various individual groups demanding rights and respect This can be very positive but can also detract from those most in need A woman who is passed over for a coveted top position in a large company because of her sex is indeed a serious issue But this woman also exists at the top of the pay scale Regardless of whether she receives 10% less on her salary than her male counterpart this is a dispute between elite and does not address concerns about euality in society much To be totally clear I am not downplaying the importance of this topic women CEO s should receive the same salaries as their male counterparts no uestion The underclass of society continues to suffer from lack of resources but also a lack of thymos This rightly or wrongly contributes to attitudes that can be attributed to growing movements white Republican voters in the US espousing racist nationalism anti immigrant autocrats in Poland and Hungary Brexiteers in the UK and so on Although this by no means downplays the pressing issues of euality in society the reaction to these discussions on identity have created an avenue where the extreme right has co opted the tactics and rhetoric of those on the left fighting for euality within specific groups to be used by a majority who may be experiencing the stressors of changing identities conceptions of their nations as well as the pressing concerns of ineuality poverty and warfare Fukuyama is clear that he does not agree with those on the right co opting this strategy and is uite insistent that they have the wrong idea in terms of rights Regardless feelings of disrespect and alienation clear hallmarks of a political left promoting greater recognition of traditionally oppressed identities is also a strategy being used by the right Fukuyama is reflecting on the dangers of this type of rhetoric and how it can divide societies into smaller and smaller groups that on paper should be getting along well but instead feel they are at odds The dangers of this rhetoric are clear The Islamic State used this type of identity politics to recruit among a wide range of Muslim s disaffected by Europe s failure to give them opportunities to contribute to their new homes White nationalists turn the tables on Black Live Matters co opting their demands for justice in society a strategy that white supremacists have used before Fukuyama sees the issues not as the fight for rights at all this is a noble and worthy cause but the fact that an overarching identity is not present He looks at the idea of an over culture possibly the principles of liberal democracy as one such solution An avenue for the promotion of rights for individual groups should exist but there should also be a recognition of a common identity that transcends in some respects any other identity Multiculturalism as a topic is discussed as a possibility where groups can express themselves however they like and are treated with eual respect and opportunity so long as the laws of the nation they are in is respected If someone can be who they want to be and focus on self esteem and thymos than so should everyone else This was an interesting book It is a very brief discussion on identity politics characterizing some of the positives and negatives of the rhetoric of these ideas I personally do not agree with all of Fukuyama s arguments for example he promotes freedom of speech in every case even where that speech may hurt or target others His example someone can be a holocaust denier all they want in their own mind or home and in public these ideas should be given an avenue for discussion even if most people would deride them and rightfully so In my mind someone s right to free speech ends when that speech causes harm to others if it incites violence promotes the demotion of rights dehumanizes and so on Even so this book offers an interesting perspective on identity politics and the complexity and controversial nature of the topic In the age of Donald Trump Putin Erdogan and so on this topic will increasingly become a theory to be tested and somehow integrated into our growing conceptions of liberal democracy The discussion here is interesting insightful and offers Fukuyama s thoughts on this complex issue It offers some grandscale solutions as well Worth a read for those interested in topics like nationalism current politics or identity politics


10 thoughts on “[Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment] EBOOK / KINDLE

  1. says: Francis Fukuyama ✓ 1 FREE READ [Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment] EBOOK / KINDLE

    SUMMARY ´ TRAMZ.CO ✓ Francis Fukuyama [Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment] EBOOK / KINDLE Francis Fukuyama ✓ 1 FREE READ 5 stars for the first half 3 stars for the solution and a big 0 for a few chapters toward the end The book begins with a brisk walk thru Western civilization as it went from village life to industrial life and from Catholicism thru Reformation and then Nietzsche So far so good The thesis is that people started measuring themselves

  2. says: SUMMARY Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment SUMMARY ´ TRAMZ.CO ✓ Francis Fukuyama Francis Fukuyama ✓ 1 FREE READ

    [Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment] EBOOK / KINDLE SUMMARY ´ TRAMZ.CO ✓ Francis Fukuyama Francis Fukuyama ✓ 1 FREE READ This is reuired reading because with this book Fukuyama is clearly on to something At the core he discusses how we can overcome political polarization and strenghten our democratic systems In order to grasp the underlying current that drives today's discussions and gave rise to Trumpism With regard to character it was hard to imagine an individual less suited to be President of the United States Fukuyama tackles identi

  3. says: SUMMARY Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment [Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment] EBOOK / KINDLE Francis Fukuyama ✓ 1 FREE READ

    [Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment] EBOOK / KINDLE The modern concept of identity unites three different phenomena The first is thymos a universal aspect of human personality that craves recog

  4. says: [Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment] EBOOK / KINDLE

    [Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment] EBOOK / KINDLE Let me cut to the uick there are three reasons why I felt this book was inadeuate 1 there was little new in it 2 the author wrongly argues both sides are to blame by appealing to false dichotomies and false framing and 3 his solutions provided would only exasperate the real problem and not make it betterFor item 1 every author should assume t

  5. says: Francis Fukuyama ✓ 1 FREE READ SUMMARY ´ TRAMZ.CO ✓ Francis Fukuyama [Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment] EBOOK / KINDLE

    [Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment] EBOOK / KINDLE DivIdentityAs the author states in his preface his book was mainly written because Donald Trump was elected president of the US in November 2016 and maybe a little bit because a majority of those taking part in the Brexit referendum were in favour of the UK’s leaving the EU Fukuyama under the impression of those two big surprises apparently wanted to explain how these two events were possible – two events which he regards as

  6. says: SUMMARY Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment SUMMARY ´ TRAMZ.CO ✓ Francis Fukuyama Francis Fukuyama ✓ 1 FREE READ

    [Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment] EBOOK / KINDLE SUMMARY ´ TRAMZ.CO ✓ Francis Fukuyama Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment by Francis Fukuyama is an interesting book discussing the recent trends and growth in identity politics Fukuyama posits that this is a natural expression of liberal democracy as so

  7. says: Francis Fukuyama ✓ 1 FREE READ [Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment] EBOOK / KINDLE

    SUMMARY Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment [Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment] EBOOK / KINDLE SUMMARY ´ TRAMZ.CO ✓ Francis Fukuyama This new book by Francis Fukuyama about the hot issue in the US and EU politics today – identity He doesn’t take neither left nor right side in the debate but shows that the debate itself maybe out of focusHe starts with Plato's The Republic and introduces concept of thymos third part of the soul first two are desires and reason roughly euivalent to id and ego concepts of Freud acts completely independently of the first two It

  8. says: SUMMARY Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment [Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment] EBOOK / KINDLE Francis Fukuyama ✓ 1 FREE READ

    SUMMARY Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment Francis Fukuyama ✓ 1 FREE READ [Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment] EBOOK / KINDLE 35After hearing about the book on NPR my husband suggested I read Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment by

  9. says: SUMMARY ´ TRAMZ.CO ✓ Francis Fukuyama Francis Fukuyama ✓ 1 FREE READ SUMMARY Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment

    [Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment] EBOOK / KINDLE Fukuyama's latest book is a relatively brief extended essay form work that focuses on the history of identity at the personal level and how it

  10. says: [Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment] EBOOK / KINDLE

    SUMMARY ´ TRAMZ.CO ✓ Francis Fukuyama Francis Fukuyama ✓ 1 FREE READ [Identity The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment] EBOOK / KINDLE I keep telling myself not to read books by privileged rich men about the problems of our world then I do exactly that I regret itThere are interesting concepts here some are somewhat useful in the debate on identity and some just drown in Fu

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