(PDF DOWNLOAD) [Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire] µ Roger Crowley

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Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire

read & download è eBook or Kindle ePUB Ü Roger Crowley Roger Crowley Ü 3 read review Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire Ö eBook or Kindle ePUB S a handful of visionary and utterly ruthless empire builders with few resources but breathtaking ambition attempted to seize the Indian Ocean destroy Islam and take control of world tradeTold with Roger Crowley's customary skill and verve this is narrative history at its most vivid an epic tale of navigation trade and technology money and religious zealotry political diplomacy and espi. How Boys Own is this tale of the first generation of Portugese expansion Crowley usually injects a bland pointer sentence of 4 words or less just before things go awry for Alfonso De Albuuerue but his Santiago fueled battle scenes roar The contrast between the cautious cumbersome exploration of the African coasts until Vasco Da Gama and the self confident truly brutal entry upon the trade network of the Indian Ocean is felt So is the shift from a sheer cannon centred approach to something akin a game of thrones The Portugese never lost their medieval mindset or crusading zeal but after 20 years of peeling away layers of myth the idea to crush the Muslim world in a pincher together with Prester John had taken a reality check They were here to stay to trade from a network of fortress factories but alongside the restDo I miss anything A European context perhaps with time spent in spice rival Venice and at courts reluctant to go crusadin

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read & download è eBook or Kindle ePUB Ü Roger Crowley Roger Crowley Ü 3 read review Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire Ö eBook or Kindle ePUB Onage sea battles and shipwrecks endurance courage and terrifying brutality Drawing on extensive first hand accounts it brings to life the exploits of an extraordinary band of conuerors men such as Afonso de Albuuerue the first European since Alexander the Great to found an Asian empire who set in motion five hundred years of European colonisation and unleashed the forces of globalisati. Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire is an interesting book by Roger Crowley on the Portuguese conuest of the Indian Ocean The book follows the Portuguese conuest of Cueta in Morocco through the journey s of exploration around the African coast to the conuests of coastal cities on the Western coast of India the city of Malacca in modern Malaysia and Ormuz in Persia amongst others This is of a narrative history following the likes of Henry the Navigator King Manual de Gama and Albuuerue Many of these individuals were courageous explorers ruthless tacticians and brutal conuerors Following fidalgo traditions the Portuguese did not take India lightly and mixed ruthless diplomacy with brutal naval bombardments massacres and genocide of Muslim subjects in India and piracy in the Indian Ocean The Portuguese were obstinate in their early wars They thought little of being outnumbered tenfold and stubbornly took possession of territory lost it due to infighting and betrayal and then took it again The Portuguese conuerors did not forgive slights and led personal vendetta style attacks on their foes the Mamluks in Egypt at the time the rulers of Mecca and the guarantors of the Islamic trading sphere in India the Ormuz Sultan and the Samduri of Calicut This book was brutal and fascinating It chronicles the rise of a peripheral and poor kingdom on the Western extremities of the Atlantic Ocean This state had a personal vendetta against Islam and the crusading spirit of the Portuguese led to brutal and horrifying massacres of entire Muslim populations in Western India Crowley does not take sides in this account however The reality of the conuest is explained in detail and it is fascinating how such a small kingdom came to dominate the Indian Ocean so thoroughly with underwhelming numbers and little financial clout Their foes outnumbered them had similar cannon and musket arms and were familiar with the climate and geo strategic needs of the area The Portuguese fought back using terror They burned trading vessels at sea sacked coastal trading hubs from Africa to Malaysia put thousands of innocents to the sword and built and manned forts across a fifteen thousand mile span of ocean They engaged in bitter infighting that often hampered their forward progress But the indomitable will of megalomaniacs like Albuuerue and his compatriots seemed to win the day Against many odds the Portuguese came to dominate the Indian Ocean trade for over a century Conuerors is a book that at times was hard to enjoy The accounts are both horrifying and fascinating Crowley has done a good job laying out the facts and engaging the narrative of each side in the conflict to try and remain unbiased The book obviously deeply chronicles the early years of Portuguese conuests and heavily favours such factors throughout Even so the book has done a good job showing the horrifying cost of conuest and the intricate cultural world the Portuguese smashed to pieces As a narrative history the book relies primarily on accounts uotes and letters from the time period these events took place Therefore the level of detail in many of the events is lacking Crowley focus on the personal courage and actions of the conuerors and conuered but does not go into greater detail on the underpinnings of Portuguese success which is sorely missed in this account All in all however this was a highly enjoyable narrative history of Portuguese conuests in the Indian Ocean in the early 16th century Crowley gives all the gruesome details but it is difficult not to respect the indomitable will of this crusading state with all its self righteousness its brutal and thoughtless slaughter and its ever hungry need for plunder This book is recommended for those looking for a good narrative history but I would hold back if a detailed account is wanted This book is a better as a background and introduction to the subject

read & download è eBook or Kindle ePUB Ü Roger Crowley

read & download è eBook or Kindle ePUB Ü Roger Crowley Roger Crowley Ü 3 read review Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire Ö eBook or Kindle ePUB As remarkable as Columbus and the conuistador expeditions the history of Portuguese exploration is now almost forgotten But Portugal's navigators cracked the code of the Atlantic winds launched the expedition of Vasco da Gama to India and beat the Spanish to the spice kingdoms of the East then set about creating the first long range maritime empire In an astonishing blitz of thirty year. The decade of the 1490s was without doubt one of the most significant in human history Nowadays we see the European rediscovery of the Americas in 1492 as the event which than any other shaped the world we live in today but at the time it was Vasco da Gama s discovery of the sea route to India in 1498 that seemed the significant event Mr Crowley tells the story of how within 20 years of that event a tiny poverty stricken country on Europe s western fringe created a global empire based on sea power an event so astonishing that some contemporaries viewed it as a manifestation of the biblical proverb The last shall be firstThe author explains that prior to 1498 the western part of the Indian Ocean was a closed sea dominated by Muslim merchants This as he puts it was the world of Sinbad a trading network that stretched from Mozambiue to Egypt and along the Persian Gulf right down the western coast of India and on to Sri Lanka In this environment the Portuguese ships that burst into the Indian Ocean after 1500 were like cats amongst mice Entire fleets of merchant ships were sent to the bottom and almost every important port was either sacked or the ruler forced to become a Portuguese vassal The Portuguese success was certainly helped by the fact that the major Muslim power of the time was the Mamluk Sultanate in Cairo once vigorous but now weak and ineffectual Nevertheless much of the impact also came from the character of the Portuguese noblemen the fidalgos who combined greed ambition and religious fanaticism with seemingly limitless reserves of endurance and a honour code that regarded the slightest disinclination to fight as the greatest possible social disgrace The result was a group of people who displayed extreme levels of aggression and a beserker fighting style that often simply unnerved their opponents Some of their victories were remarkably asymmetrical The wealthy city of Malacca in present day Malaysia had a population of around 120000 around an eighth of the entire population of Portugal but fell to an attack by around 1000 Portuguese soldiers and sailors In many ways these victories were even impressive than those achieved by the Spanish in the New World since the latter encountered stone age cultures that fought on foot with weapons like clubs and slingshot whereas the Portuguese faced enemies who had gunpowder cannon steel swords chainmail cavalry and war elephants However in acknowledging the achievements of the Portuguese the author does not overlook the fact that their arrival in the Indian Ocean precipitated a bloodbath and that they were often guilty of extreme brutalityThe book covers the sudden rise of the Portuguese empire up to about 1520 and as such does not cover their subseuent journeys to Indonesia China and Japan nor how their dominance came to be challenged by new powers such as the Dutch and the Ottoman Turks Although a little limited in scope than I might have liked this is a first rate narrative of a remarkable period in history


10 thoughts on “(PDF DOWNLOAD) [Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire] µ Roger Crowley

  1. says: free download Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire Roger Crowley Ü 3 read read & download è eBook or Kindle ePUB Ü Roger Crowley

    (PDF DOWNLOAD) [Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire] µ Roger Crowley free download Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire Riveting bloody history Crowley makes the people and the action come alive on the page Conuerors is not a mere recitation of facts but a look deep into the thoughts and emotions of the Portuguese explorers who found the way to India and the way to dominate the Malabar Coast Their methods were brutal They were fearless bloodthirsty arrogant an

  2. says: read & download è eBook or Kindle ePUB Ü Roger Crowley Roger Crowley Ü 3 read free download Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire

    (PDF DOWNLOAD) [Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire] µ Roger Crowley Roger Crowley Ü 3 read free download Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire I really enjoyed this read Excellent use of primary texts told in a narrative type way that focuses on direct accounts of primary players in the history This gives a nice worm's eye view of the action and story a

  3. says: (PDF DOWNLOAD) [Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire] µ Roger Crowley Roger Crowley Ü 3 read

    (PDF DOWNLOAD) [Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire] µ Roger Crowley The decade of the 1490s was without doubt one of the most significant in human history Nowadays we see the European rediscovery of the Americas in 1492 as the event which than any other shaped the world we live in today but at the time it was Vasco da Gama's discovery of the sea route to India in 1498 that seemed the significant event Mr Crowley tells the story of how within 20 years of that event a tiny poverty stricken country

  4. says: Roger Crowley Ü 3 read read & download è eBook or Kindle ePUB Ü Roger Crowley free download Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire

    (PDF DOWNLOAD) [Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire] µ Roger Crowley read & download è eBook or Kindle ePUB Ü Roger Crowley Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire by Roger Crowley is a good introduction to Portugal's development of its maritime empire in the Indian Ocean This book covers approximately a 40 year period 1480 to 1520 and is primarily fo

  5. says: (PDF DOWNLOAD) [Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire] µ Roger Crowley

    Roger Crowley Ü 3 read read & download è eBook or Kindle ePUB Ü Roger Crowley (PDF DOWNLOAD) [Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire] µ Roger Crowley As Roger Crowley explains in Conuerors in the early 16th century Portugal a poor country on the periphery of Europe came to control trade in the Indian Ocean thanks to bravery cruelty navigation skills and cannon

  6. says: Roger Crowley Ü 3 read (PDF DOWNLOAD) [Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire] µ Roger Crowley

    (PDF DOWNLOAD) [Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire] µ Roger Crowley read & download è eBook or Kindle ePUB Ü Roger Crowley free download Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire How Boys Own is this tale of the first generation of Portugese expansion? Crowley usually injects a bland pointer sentence of 4 words or less just before things go awry for Alfonso De Albuuerue but his Santiago fueled battle scenes roar The contrast between the cautious cumbersome exploration of the African coas

  7. says: read & download è eBook or Kindle ePUB Ü Roger Crowley Roger Crowley Ü 3 read (PDF DOWNLOAD) [Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire] µ Roger Crowley

    (PDF DOWNLOAD) [Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire] µ Roger Crowley Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire is an interesting book by Roger Crowley on the Portuguese conuest of the Indian Ocean The book follows the Portuguese conuest of Cueta in Morocco through the journey's of exploration around the African coast to the conuests of coastal cities on the Western coast of India the city of Malac

  8. says: read & download è eBook or Kindle ePUB Ü Roger Crowley (PDF DOWNLOAD) [Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire] µ Roger Crowley

    free download Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire (PDF DOWNLOAD) [Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire] µ Roger Crowley Roger Crowley Ü 3 read This invaluable book of a most intriguing time in history when a tiny and poor European country managed to almost dethrone the main enemy of Christian Europe by strangling the rich spice trade away from the Mamluk sultans of the Muslims The book also explains 'gunboat diplomacy' in uite some detail How the Portuguese with their shi

  9. says: free download Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire read & download è eBook or Kindle ePUB Ü Roger Crowley Roger Crowley Ü 3 read

    read & download è eBook or Kindle ePUB Ü Roger Crowley (PDF DOWNLOAD) [Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire] µ Roger Crowley With Pen and SwordFrom the voyages of the Chinese Star ships and the genetic traces China left behind to the arrival of the Caravels and Carracks of Bartholomew Diaz Vasco de Gama Alphonso de Albuuerue and Dom Francisco d

  10. says: (PDF DOWNLOAD) [Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire] µ Roger Crowley

    Roger Crowley Ü 3 read (PDF DOWNLOAD) [Conuerors How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire] µ Roger Crowley This book blew my mind Full stop The Portuguese exploration of the African coastline and the race to conuer the Indian spice trade is

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